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The future of E/E architectures

The future of E/E architectures

Publication Date: 12/05/2021
Number of Pages: 34

The increasing feature sets of vehicles combined with high volumes of data have manifested in increases in the number of ECUs and sophistication of the communication bus networks needed to accommodate these rapidly changing requirements.

New ways of accommodating increasingly sophisticated feature sets are thus needed. This report benchmarks current electrical/electronics (E/E) architecture and explores expected new and novel arrangements for future in-vehicle networks in terms of signal and electrical power distribution over the next 15 years. The research study highlights evolution of vehicle's EE architecture and throws light on the transition from flat, distributed architecture to centralized zonal architecture.

The report includes dedicated sections on vehicle networking protocols, electrification strategies for ICE and BEVs, domain controllers, and gateway modules. It also includes case studies on the evolutionary migration to new architectures with domain controllers.

1. Overview
a) Introduction
b) Research methodology

2. Vehicle architecture overview
a) Introduction
b) Flat, distributed architecture
c) Domain architecture
d) Centralized zonal architecture

3. Networking benchmark
a) Introduction
b) Network protocols
c) Gateway

4. Electrical system
a) Wiring harness, fuse box and smart junction box
b) Future of the electrical system in the centralized zonal model
c) Implication of zonal architecture for wire harness manufacture

5. E/E architecture changes in the next 15 years
a) Adoption of new buses
b) Electrification strategies for ICE and BEVs
c) Gateway and its new role in updates
d) Domain controllers
e) Cross-domain and centralized architectures

6. Case studies
a) Evolutionary migration to new architecture with domain controllers
b) First revolutionary architectures hit the market

7. Prospects

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