V2X hardware: Platform-agnostic design the way forward
Hybrid platforms enable lower development, testing, certification and maintenance costs and efforts as well as time-to-market
Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technology, an indispensable part of an intelligent transportation system (ITS), enables cars to communicate with their surroundings and makes driving safer and more efficient. In addition, V2X helps to optimize traffic flow, reduce traffic congestion, and lessen the environmental impact of transportation. V2X technology globally is permitted to operate in the 5.9 GHz frequency band which has been harmonized in a technology-neutral manner for safety-related ITS applications. Currently, two key sets of standards for V2X communication exist, namely dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) and cellular V2X (C-V2X). DSRC (IEEE 802.11p) is essentially a Wi-Fi derivative (802.11a) standardized by the IEEE in 2009. It has been specifically defined for fast-moving objects and enables the establishment of a reliable radio link, even in non-line-of-sight conditions. C-V2X (3GPP LTE-V2X) is a cellular-based technology standardized in 2016 by the 3GPP (Third-Generation Partnership Project). The 3GPP is a standards organization which develops protocols for mobile telephony and has seven regional telecommunication associations as primary members and a variety of other organizations as associate members.