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    Global chip famine, now or forever?
    Ever since the pandemic hit last spring, there have been major inventory imbalances across the supply chain, specifically in the chip sector that has caused a global shortage of the component. It was a chain of events that started with the pandemic that forced people to operate from home, resulti...
    In-vehicle voice assistants and the need for seamlessness services
    An important target in the growth of software heavy vehicles is consumer convenience. Like smartphones, smart televisions, and smart homes, voice assistants are one of the key technologies enabling user-friendly applications. Automakers incorporate these virtual personal assistants (VPAs) into their...
    NCAP plans to add new generation ADAS tech to its feature rating system
    Automakers have developed safety enhancement features that could reduce the number and severity of accidents—the innovation developed by component manufactures an opportunity to upgrade vehicle safety and save lives. The most noteworthy of these innovations' technologies are automated driving assi...
    Will the UNECE regulation on Automated Lane Keeping Systems pave the way for automated driving?
    In June this year, some 60 countries, including European Union (EU) member states, Japan, and South Korea, agreed to adopt a United Nation (UN) Regulation on automated lane keeping systems (ALKS) in passenger vehicles starting in January 2021. When applie...
    Are UK-based OEMs at risk of failing local content requirements in Brexit deal blow?
    The EU has rejected calls from Brexit’s chief negotiator Lord David Frost to include components as ‘local content’ if they imported from countries with which both the EU and the UK have trade deals with or are in the processing of finalizing, such as Japan and Turkey.   Under this so-c...
    China’s NDRC sets a more realistic timeline for development of intelligent vehicles
    Around two years ago, China’s National Development and Reform Corporation (NDRC) had released a draft on ‘Intelligent Vehicle Innovation and Development Strategy’ (draft strategy) to seek public opinion. The draft strategy aimed at intelligent vehicles, also referred to as intelligent and conn...
    Low emissions zones and their impact on powertrain development
    A study by the European Union (EU) in 2017 states that cars are responsible for around 12% of total carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in the EU. By 2021, under the emission reduction targets planned by the EU, all new cars must achieve an average of 95 grams of CO₂ emissions per kilometer. This mea...
    EV battery production in Europe enters the fast lane
    From being almost non-existent on a global battery production map a couple of years back, Europe has emerged as a key location for setting up electric vehicle (EV) battery cell development and manufacturing facilities. There has been a strong push from national governments and the European Unio...
    Irreversible diesel declines or “safe haven” market opportunities?
    Diesel, as a choice of fuel for light duty vehicle powertrains, has globally witnessed a fall in demand since 2016. IHS Markit forecasts the production of diesel powertrains will decline globally by about 3% in the period 2018-25. One of the key regions that will lower the global count will be Europ...
    New incentive policies will promote EV component manufacturing in India
    The electromobility industry has started taking shape around the world with some countries taking a big lead, especially China, the United States and Norway. India too is now pushing hard to catch up with these leaders through aggressive incentive policies. In February this year, the Indian governme...
    V2X regulatory review
    Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technology—a key enabler of an intelligent transportation system (ITS) —allows cars to communicate with their surroundings and makes driving safer and more efficient. V2X helps to optimize traffic flow, reduce traffic congestion, and lessen the environme...
    China 6 emission legislation
    To address air pollution problems in China, the country’s regulatory bodies are working toward swiftly adopting more stringent protocols to reduce harmful automotive emissions and fuel consumption. In December 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment put forward the final version of i...
    2019 TU-Automotive Detroit
    TU-Automotive Detroit is one of the most influential automotive technology events globally and a platform where some of the most innovative minds in vehicle connectivity, mobility and autonomy converge each year. The event is well known for its expert panel discussions and also provides a great oppo...
    EU General Safety Regulation 2019
    Introduction In May 2018, the European Commission introduced a new regulation to enhance safety standards for passenger and commercial vehicles. The proposed regulation was part of the European Commission’s third “Europe on the Move” package launched in May 2018. The revised General Safety ...
    V2X hardware: Platform-agnostic design the way forward
    Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technology, an indispensable part of an intelligent transportation system (ITS), enables cars to communicate with their surroundings and makes driving safer and more efficient. In addition, V2X helps to optimize traffic flow, reduce traffic congestion, and l...
    Euro 7: Legislative time frame and parameters
    Each stage of emission and fuel economy regulations and standardization of robust compliance testing procedures has consistently led to further advancement in powertrain technology. Particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions have fallen by more than 95% between Euro 1 and Euro 6 stan...
    Opportunities in cabin noise insulation as EVs gain traction
    A couple of decades ago, cabin insulation suppliers’ research to trim down noise entering the cabin revolved completely around the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) as one of the major noise sources. However, as electric vehicles (EVs) gain traction, with mostly pure electric slated to replace ICE ...
    EDITORIAL – Refueling infrastructure, government support still insufficient for fuel cell technology to gain significant traction
    Though both battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCEV) are expected to be popular zero-emission technologies in the long term, the former is expected to gain more market share relatively in the near term on the back of factors such as wider government-industry collaborati...
    Are self-dimming and glare-free headlights finally coming to the U.S.?
    Megatrends in the automotive industry have revolutionized the approach of automakers and tier-1 suppliers towards lighting components. From bulky designs to sleek designs, exterior lighting systems have travelled a long way in terms of technology and design, with increased attention from automakers ...
    Potential electric vehicle markets
    Introduction Although the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is still at a nascent stage compared with internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, the technology is gradually establishing itself in the mass market. The advent of EVs is expected to cause massive disruptions in the tradit...
    EDITORIAL – Investments in EV battery recycling set to increase
    Demand for electric vehicles (EV) is expected to become stronger in the coming years with the advancement in battery technology and reduction in their price. According to the International Energy Agency, the number of EVs on roads globally could touch 125 million by 2030. The increasing number of EV...
    Impact of governmental regulations and guidelines on ADAS adoption
    The global rise in the number of vehicles on the roads has led to rapid rise in road accidents, resulting in fatalities and partial or full disabilities as well as other minor injuries. People across the world, living in both developed and developing regions, have to face the risk of road accidents....
    WLTP and its implications on lightweighting
    Emissions testing and performance have always been an imperative part of vehicular performance as well as homologation. The need to control nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from cars is critical to control environmental pollution. Therefore, countries of the world have always put i...
    Automotive lighting: Made in China—a viable option?
    Increasing use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in the automotive market has ushered the industry into a new era of competition, business strategies, and market demand. To sustain themselves in the long run and fulfill the ever-rising LED demand, many lighting companies have turned to niche lighting ...
    EDITORIAL – Strong network of publicly accessible DC fast chargers key to increasing EV adoption
    Lack of charging infrastructure is often cited as one of the main reasons behind slow sales of electric vehicles (EV). However, will installing normal chargers (<=22kW) be enough to expel range anxiety? This is a question that is being asked more often these days. According to Zap-Map, a UK-based...
    EDITORIAL – Electrification will be key to meet CO2 reduction targets in heavy-duty truck segment in Europe
    In a bid to put a lid on emissions, the European Commission (EC) has turned its gaze on the heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) segment. Last month, the EC came out with its first ever legislative proposal for regulating CO2 emissions from new HDVs. Unlike countries such as the United States and Canada, Europe...
    EDITORIAL – Removing foreign ownership cap will bolster China's position as top EV market
    The recently concluded 2018 Beijing Motor Show gave the world a peek into what OEMs have planned for the Chinese market in the electric vehicle (EV) segment. A big chunk of the automakers at the show presented their new EVs, some of which were world premieres. Not only did automakers display their p...
    Real-Driving Emissions Regulations and their Implications
    Appendix It is hoped that the transition from the NEDC to WLTP emissions testing cycles will make a significant contribution towards reducing the environmental impact of light passenger vehicles. However, emission measurements under real-world operating conditions will increase the variabilit...
    2018 Geneva Motor Show: All about electrification and comfort
    "The luxury car makers continue to present their new models and worldwide sales set new records in 2017. But behind the glamour and the finery are plenty of worry wrinkles," Ferdinand Dudenhöffer, director of German-based Center Automotive Research told AFP news agency as the 2018 Geneva Motor Show...
    Worldwide harmonized Light-duty vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP)
    A vehicle’s fuel economy and emission norm compliance is evaluated by various legislative systems across the world by standardized test procedures. The NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) has been in effect since 1992, with the latest update in 1997. It consists of several test modes to evaluate the...
    SupplierInsight Analysis - Issue 1, 2018
    News The key news and events shaping the automotive supply base in the last month E-Mobility How are tranmission manufacturers and the wider automotive industry preparing and positioning for impending rise in hybrid demand? Thermal Modest projected adoption by global OEMs is expected ...
    EDITORIAL – Automakers will need clear government policy to solidify EV plans for India
    The ongoing Auto Expo 2018 in India is carrying a similar theme seen in a few other auto shows around the world over the past couple of years—that is electrification. There are over 50 companies, including passenger vehicles, two-wheelers and commercial vehicle companies, showcasing at the event, ...
    EDITORIAL - Custom duty hike in India expected to cut imports of auto parts
    In its latest Union Budget for financial year (FY) 2018/19 presented last week, the Indian government has proposed to double basic custom duty on import of certain key components such as engines, transmission, brakes and others parts from 7.5% currently to 15%. The government also increased custom d...
    Challenges of CO2 refrigerant (R744)
    Vehicle air conditioning systems use a liquefiable vapour known as a refrigerant to transfer heat. Selection of the refrigerant is a key design factor which has a major influence on the component design of the HVAC system. Over the past few decades, refrigerants used in HVACs have been subjected to ...
    Implications of Bharat Stage (BS) VI in India for Powertrain component suppliers
    The number of automobiles on Indian roads has grown significantly and it has had a direct effect on the degradation of air quality in the country. Vehicle emissions vary depending on a number of factors, most notably average speed, distance covered, vehicle age, quality of fuel and emission reductio...
    ‘Steering’ the transition between driver and autonomous driving
    Autonomous driving, though still seen as a trend decades away, is catching up and in many ways influencing the way automakers invest in technology. Among the technology changes seen recently, steering and braking are being significantly impacted, as they remain key safety areas in a vehicle. And saf...
    IHS Markit analyzes factors behind expected massive growth in China's 48V mild hybrid demand in future
    Automakers are exploring every possible way to improve fuel efficiency and reduce vehicle emission levels, which are difficult to be met by some OEMs using conventional 12V technology. In the markets where clean legislation is driving electrification rapidly, such as China and Europe, the 48V techno...
    2016 Global plug-in vehicle index
    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEV’s) continue to display the most promising levels of sales growth within the broader alternative fuel passenger transportation market. Whilst EVs comprise all vehicles powered by electricity in some form (including hybrids), a vehicle is classified as a PEV if its non...
    Use of sustainable materials in car interior
    The quest towards scouting for sustainable materials for vehicle applications has led automakers to search for new and innovative ways. So much so, that their collaboration outside the industry has resulted in some interesting partnerships. Like in the case of Ford which partnered with tequila produ...
    SupplierInsight Analysis – Issue 3, 2017
    NEWS The key news and events shaping the automotive supply base in the last month.    SOFTWARE On March 13, 2017 Intel announced its acquisition of Mobileye, perhaps the most significant M&A event to date in the autonomous driving sector with significant impact over the next d...
    Variable displacement AC compressors offer greater fuel efficiency, but fixed types will not disappear
    Today's vehicle buyers are demanding higher fuel efficiency, strong performance and enhanced comfort. Automakers and auto component suppliers are open to reach these goals by adopting different strategies. Engine downsizing is one such alternative which contributes to weight reduction and therefore ...
    SupplierInsight Exclusive: Assessing Brexit’s impact on the UK’s supply chain
    The prospect of the UK pursuing a “hard Brexit” approach, meaning leaving the single market and reverting to WTO tariff schemes, raises questions on the competitiveness of UK auto manufacturing in the long run, given the inter-twined nature of both the outbound and inbound logistics supporting t...
    Regulations drive global AEB market
    Autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems are considered to achieve for fully-autonomous driving what seat belts did for car safety. After the widespread introduction of anti-lock braking systems (ABS) and brake assist systems, AEB is expected to be the next step towards ‘driverless driving’. F...
    Regulations in front lighting
    Regulations play an important role in equipping vehicles with latest technologies in a specific country/ region. Forward lighting is an important part of the vehicle as it enables drivers to guide the vehicle safely during the night time along varying road geometries and to identify obstacles and pe...
    Acid test awaits OEMs as they gear up for European real-world emission tests
    With tougher European real-world emission testing procedures expected to be implemented within the 2017-2020 timeframe, will the move prompt automakers to move away from engine downsizing and build bigger engines to meet emission targets? “Currently the new procedures for Europe (to test) both on ...
    Interview with MLS India on Global LED market in automotive industry
    LED is the next key technology for automotive lighting and it is therefore perhaps no surprise that more and more suppliers begin to offer solutions. China-based LED lighting manufacturer, MLS Co Ltd, recently launched its premium LED package in India. In an interview with IHS Automotive, the com...
    Brexit remains top of the agenda with UK supply and logistics executives
    In his opening remarks, Chris Ludwig, editor of the Automotive Logistics group, noted that British prime minister Theresa May had announced that Article 50 would be invoked in March 2017. This would start the legal process to withdraw the UK from the EU. Beyond that, there has been no firm indicatio...
    Interview with Phil Haydon and David McDonald, Honda
    Is it accurate to say that 40% of output from HUM (Honda UK Manufacturing, Swindon) is now going to North America? Phil Hadon (PH): It will be. When it reaches maximum volume it will be 40%. How has homologation been managed by the suppliers for the new market, looking at such elements as glas...
    US releases guidelines on "highly automated vehicles", proposes updating regulatory processes
    The US Department of Transportation has released comprehensive guidelines on the development and deployment of autonomous vehicles, and has proposed taking a new approach to regulation. Ultimately, these efforts are designed to speed up development and deployment of autonomous vehicles, while ensuri...
    South Korea looks to push e-mobility with right policies and infrastructure support
    South Korea is the fifth largest automotive manufacturer in the world after China, the United States, Japan and Germany. In 2015, the country manufactured more than 4.5 million passenger vehicles. Historically, South Korea's automotive industry was heavily protected by the government through ever-ch...
    OLED: Future of Automotive Lighting
    The automotive industry is witnessing a number of developments in technology in various segments; lighting being one of them which is becoming an important factor for automotive design. Until a few years ago, automakers focused on the shape of the car more than anything else. Headlight technology ha...
    Low emission zones in the United Kingdom
    What is a LEZ? A low emission zones (LEZ) is an area where access to certain polluting vehicles are regulated. The prime aim of LEZs is to control and improve the air quality of the area, which means that vehicles with higher than permissible levels of emissions are usually not allowed to enter. ...
    Laser lights: Technology for premium buyers
    Headlights are one of the most prominent features of a car which help in building brand perception and convey a certain attitude of the vehicle. However, it is not only the shape and design of the headlight that build the brand, it is the use of the latest technology; the latest one being laser ligh...
    Impact assessment of CAFE stimulus
    The United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently issued a new ruling that increases penalties for automakers that have not met corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards. Essentially, the ruling increases fines set in 1975—when CAFE was created—to ...
    Hyundai offers scrappage subsidy under government incentive
    Hyundai and its affiliate Kia plan to offer a KRW1.2 million (USD1,053) subsidy to owners of aged diesel vehicles purchasing new vehicles. The subsidy is a part of the South Korean government's subsidy programme to replace diesel cars with new ones. Hyundai decided to provide incentives to align wit...
    Hybrid and electric vehicles: Policy Watch
    Region Focus Details Germany EV incentives Germany launched new electric vehicle (EV) incentive program in July, which was first announced in late April. In a bid to boost sales of EVs, the program will provide EUR1.2 billion (USD1.33 billion) of funding, w...
    Electric superchargers at the forefront
    Stringent emissions and fuel economy regulations, coupled with demand for improved performance have become catalysts in bringing electric superchargers to the fore. IHS expects the global production volumes of electric superchargers to witness a whopping increase from a mere 10,026 units in 2016 to ...
    Mobileye plans not to renew Tesla contract; US regulator completes preliminary investigation into fatal Model S crash
    Mobileye has decided to not renew a contract with Tesla to supply the automaker with its EyeQ3 image-analysis chips, the Israel-based maker of driver-assistance chips and software said in an earnings call conference on Tuesday (26 July). Mobileye’s chief technology officer (CTO) Amnon Shashua said...
    UK facilities introduce Real Driving Emissions test
    The much maligned New European Drive Cycle (NEDC), the standardised test used to measure vehicle fuel consumption, CO2 and emissions levels, is set to be replaced in part by the Real Driving Emissions (RDE) test. This will supersede the existing laboratory-based emissions test with a combination of ...
    Difficult challenges ahead in development of China’s supply base
    Profitability under attack Organically formed as the outcome from the development of the automotive industry at OEM level, the automotive component supply base in China is characterised by its fragmentation, formed of approximately 20,000 companies supplying 108 automakers. During the dawn of th...
    Interview: Frank Lubischer Senior vice-president, Global Engineering and Chief Technology Officer, Nexteer
    Can we start by getting some background history on Nexteer? What is now Nexteer first introduced electric power steering (EPS) in 1999. That was the first product. At that time we were part of Delphi. In 2010 we were bought by Pacific Century Motors (PCM), based in E-Town, Beijing. Since 2013 we...
    Autonomous vehicles: One giant leap or a series of small steps?
    Google is set to begin on-road testing this summer of its prototype self-driving car. Google has built 25 vehicles that it will take to the streets around its offices in California, United States. The company’s latest iteration of its prototype vehicle uses the same software as its test fleet of L...
    New powertrain development and regulation
    For OEMs, trying to balance the myriad demands placed on global powertrain development has never been harder. All major global automotive markets have in place increasingly stringent legislation focused on controlling carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and exhaust gas emissions—such as particulates an...
    UK-based tier suppliers plan for re-shoring of part production in UK, but labour issues persist
    According to a report published by the Automotive Council UK in March 2015, the relocation of part production from outside the UK back into the country, a process known as re-shoring, represents a GBP3 billion opportunity for tier one companies and a GBP2 billion opportunity for upstream part suppli...
    Hyundai and Kia rely on an established supply base in their purchasing strategy
    Purchasing at Hyundai Kia is currently based on three primary sourcing channels: internal production; group sourcing, and external procurement. Internal production covers the development and manufacture of key components, predominantly engines and transmissions. Group sourcing covers delivery of par...
    Country Production Analysis: ASEAN countries
    Light vehicle production The ASEAN region produced 3.96 million light vehicles in 2014, down 5.6% year on year (y/y). Vietnam posted the strongest growth, up 43% or 29,303 units, followed by Indonesia, which was up 22%. Production rose 5% in the Philippines and 2% in Malaysia. Thailand posted a ...
    South Korea’s suppliers see gains beyond their borders
    South Korean automotive suppliers have pretty much grown in tandem with South Korean carmakers, especially Hyundai and Kia. This has worked well for the suppliers and in some cases has helped automotive suppliers, such as Hyundai Mobis and Hyundai Wia, become global players. However, going forward, ...
    EDITORIAL – SupplierBusiness’ most read articles in 2014
    January – Future demand for manual transmissions IHS Automotive took an in depth look at the manual transmission market and where it is heading. Though the technology is at a high state of development, there are still new elements being added. Six is expected to be the ideal number of speeds ...
    Issue 10, 2014
    Could new suppliers shake up the seating systems market? Interview: Andreas Maashoff, Johnson Controls Automotive Seating Suppliers to the VW Passat and Renault Twingo cutaway Mexico’s resurgence continues       &nbs...
    “We are working to reduce the weight of our seating systems ... we are aspiring to reduce the overall seat weight by half.”
    When we last spoke some 18 months ago Johnson Controls had introduced the Synergy Seat Gen 3 which demonstrated your thinking with regard to reducing the weight and complexity of seating systems while maintaining their comfort and safety characteristics. What have been the major developments in this...
    New technologies could overhaul the established order in automotive seating
    The fitment rates for various seat features such as powered and memory functions, lumbar support and massage have been increasing and will continue to do so as vehicle interiors become “smarter”. Much of the technology in today’s seats is electric or electronically driven and can be remotely c...
    The health of the North American supply base
    Glenn Mercer Last year our overview of the health of the North American supplier business concluded that thanks to: “a combination of still-growing (but slowing) vehicle production volumes, costs that are under control, capital burdens that are steadily rising, and attitudes toward pricing tha...
    Mexico continues to report double-digit growth in vehicle sales; production also up
    The AMIA has reported that light-vehicle sales in the domestic market jumped 11.2% year on year (y/y) compared with November 2013, a bit less than October’s 14.3% or September’s 13.7% result, to 111,645 units. Monthly sales volumes were led by passenger cars at 72,236 units, while light trucks c...
    Anti-crash sensors sales set to boom over coming years
    Anti-collision sensors including radar, cameras, ultrasound and lidar are expected to see a big increase in both shipments and fitment rates because of the growing awareness of driving safety from both consumers and vehicle manufacturers. IHS Automotive predicts that the global sales of collision av...
    Steering system design enters a new age
    The function of a steering system is to accurately guide the vehicle under all driving conditions. When the vehicle is steered, the driver’s intentions are communicated using an intuitive rotational motion of the steering wheel. This motion is translated by the steering system into a wheel cut ang...
    Chinese investigations into foreign firms highlight tensions between the local and global OEMs and suppliers
    The Chinese government has started releasing the findings of various probes into the auto industry, resulting in price adjustments of vehicles and spare parts from foreign brands operating in China. The steady stream of investigations into allegations of monopolistic strategies in China has been con...
    The medium- and heavy-commercial vehicle truck market
    Commercial-vehicle manufacturers around the world face a complex set of challenges that together add up to mounting pressure on their profit margins. Companies are grappling with the impact of the double-dip recession in Europe, with intensifying competition from emerging-market players, with the in...
    “We think that overall the DS5 in China is better than the one available in Europe.”
    What role does Chang An play in purchasing for the CAPSA joint-venture? The Purchasing entity in the JV has two major roles, sourcing and investment decisions. For these areas, all employees involved in direct sourcing are employed by Chang An. As far as processes, Chang An has some strategies ...
    ECM 15th European Automotive Congress 2014: Barcelona
    At this year’s ECM Congress in Barcelona, there were a number of key presentations from OEMs and tier one suppliers that tackled how the industry is set to develop over the next few years. Dr. Oliver Maiwald, Senior Vice President Powertrain Technology and Innovation, Continental AG, gave a pr...
    CO2 Legislation
    The proposal, agreed on February 7, drew contrasting responses. It would cause unnecessary hardship for the automotive industry and cost hundreds of thousands of jobs, German car bosses wrote in a letter to the Commissioner. Environmentalists accused the industry of scaremongering. So what do th...
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