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    Major revision for global light vehicle production forecast – what it means for OEMs’ technology deployment
    The IHS Markit light vehicle production forecast has been cut by 6.2% or 5.02 million units in 2021, and by 9.3% or 8.45 million units in 2022, to stand at 75.8 million units and 82.6 million units, respectively. For 2023, we have reduced the forecast by 1.05 million units or 1.1% to 92 million unit...
    What Fit for 55 means for all member nations in the European Union
    Unveiling a roadmap to make Europe the world’s first climate neutral continent by 2050, the European Commission rolled out the ‘Fit for 55’ package on 14 July 2021, proposing that the suggestions made by the governing body be made legally binding for all members of the European Union (EU). ...
    19-Aug-2021 Insights Policy & Regulation Pinned
    Outlook for torque vectoring technology
    Torque vectoring technology is witnessing more widespread acceptance and use by automotive manufacturers and suppliers all over the globe than ever before. The differential in an automobile splits the incoming torque from the propeller shaft and sends it to the driven wheels. Torque vectoring enable...
    Forecasting the implications of Euro 7 on powertrain technologies
    Introduction Governments around the world are beginning a substantial push towards a clean, zero-emissions society. While there are unquestionably challenges and obstacles to overcome in making this happen, the automotive industry is already showing its commitment to playing its part. Global t...
    The requirement for multi-speed EV transmission
    Porsche Taycan is set to become the first mass market electric vehicle (EV) to come equipped with a 2-speed transmission. However, it may not remain the only one for a long time, as the advantages of a multi-speed transmission become more apparent to customers. So far, the multi-speed transmission t...
    Low emissions zones and their impact on powertrain development
    A study by the European Union (EU) in 2017 states that cars are responsible for around 12% of total carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions in the EU. By 2021, under the emission reduction targets planned by the EU, all new cars must achieve an average of 95 grams of CO₂ emissions per kilometer. This mea...
    Irreversible diesel declines or “safe haven” market opportunities?
    Diesel, as a choice of fuel for light duty vehicle powertrains, has globally witnessed a fall in demand since 2016. IHS Markit forecasts the production of diesel powertrains will decline globally by about 3% in the period 2018-25. One of the key regions that will lower the global count will be Europ...
    China 6 emission legislation
    To address air pollution problems in China, the country’s regulatory bodies are working toward swiftly adopting more stringent protocols to reduce harmful automotive emissions and fuel consumption. In December 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment put forward the final version of i...
    Advantages of twin-scroll turbocharger
    Turbocharged engines of the past have perennially suffered from ‘lag’, a delay in response to a driver input request for increased performance by way of an accelerator pedal depression. This occurs as a result of the time taken for the turbocharger to ‘spool up’ (exhaust gas impeller to incr...
    EDITORIAL: Palladium demand to remain strong over next few years due to new emission norms, shift toward petrol vehicles
    The demand for palladium is expected to remain strong in the near-term due to introduction of tougher vehicle emission norms and a marked shift in consumer preference from diesel to petrol (gasoline) engines―the auto industry consumes more than half of all palladium supply globally. Palladium is a...
    Electrically heated catalyst
    The implementation of Real Driving Emission regulation on 1 September 2017 has tightened NOx emission regulation for vehicles with diesel powertrains registered from 1 September 2019. Moreover, new vehicles produced from January 2021 will need to adhere to Euro 6d norms. It states that if NOx confor...
    Kinetic Energy Recovery System
    Over the past two decades, the automotive industry has focused on minimizing powertrain energy losses with advancements in combustion process, transmission design and lightweight material usage. Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) is one of the innovations among energy harvesting and regeneration ...
    Chassis sector wrap-up 2018
    2018 has been a busy year for the global chassis components sector as a major shift toward weight savings and electronification of braking, steering, and suspension systems emerged. The word active was abundantly used across the chassis components sector as the industry came to understand the benefi...
    Transmission Gear Ratio Spread
    Emission and fuel efficiency norms of today are demanding cleaner and more efficient vehicles. OEMs and suppliers have responded to this by introducing down-sizing with use of a turbocharger for both diesel and gasoline engines. Powertrain design is incomplete without considering transmission design...
    Disconnect All-Wheel Drive
    All-wheel drive (AWD) and four-wheel drive (4WD) systems are widely offered in sport utility vehicles (SUV) and pick-up trucks, under Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) of 3.5 tons. This is largely due to increasing consumer demand for AWD from the traditional front-two or rear-two-wheel drive systems. With...
    Power semiconductors take center stage in vehicle electrification
    Stringent carbon dioxide (CO2) emission standards worldwide, along with stricter testing regimes like Real Driving Emissions (RDE) and the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), are driving OEMs to develop higher-efficiency powertrain systems. For the goal to be achieved, engin...
    Lean-burn Gasoline Technology
    Modern lean-burn gasoline engines can accomplish higher fuel efficiency along with better torque output in comparison to conventional IC engines. The technology helps drivers save fuel costs in both city and highway conditions as well as emitting fewer CO2 emissions. These engines incorporate a high...
    EDITORIAL – Battery swapping model need deep collaborations in EV industry to gain traction
    Battery-swapping technology seems to be making a comeback as an alternative to electric vehicle (EV) charging through cables or wirelessly. The technology allows drivers to exchange their EV’s exhausted battery with a recharged one at a battery swapping station in a few minutes. Battery-swapping h...
    EDITORIAL – Mobility-as-a-service to drive demand for electrically powered driverless vehicles
    The rising popularity of ‘mobility-as-a-service’ (MaaS), which is the shift from personally owned modes of transportation to mobility solutions such as ride hailing and car sharing, is inspiring companies to develop vehicles that will offer the best of both worlds—electrification and autonomou...
    Cold start engine warm-up strategies
    The introduction of RDE and equivalent regulations around the world dictate the need to adhere to lower nitrogen oxides (NOx) levels and fleet carbon dioxide (CO2) requirements, and thus mandate the environment-friendly design of next generation of internal combustion engines (ICEs). A highlighted c...
    WLTP and its implications on lightweighting
    Emissions testing and performance have always been an imperative part of vehicular performance as well as homologation. The need to control nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from cars is critical to control environmental pollution. Therefore, countries of the world have always put i...
    Cylinder Deactivation Technology Developments
    Automotive OEMs are now required to adhere to stricter fuel efficiency and emission standards. Engine downsizing has assisted in achieving this with turbocharging deployed to maintain total power output. Under an alternative to only turbocharging, cylinder deactivation technology offers temporary do...
    Exhaust Gas Heat Recovery Systems
    The internal combustion engine is still relevant today with most of the vehicles in the world. It is however observed that a large amount of energy generated by burning fuel is wasted via the exhaust manifold. Under a broad approximation, it can be stated that the exhaust gas in an ICE vehicle carri...
    Real-Driving Emissions Regulations and their Implications
    Appendix It is hoped that the transition from the NEDC to WLTP emissions testing cycles will make a significant contribution towards reducing the environmental impact of light passenger vehicles. However, emission measurements under real-world operating conditions will increase the variabilit...
    Barriers to magnesium proliferation in automotive
    Magnesium has been on the radar of automotive industries for a long time as a suitable material for light weighting. It inherently offers a weight reduction of more than 75% when compared to steel and more than 33% compared to aluminum. It has good ductility, superior noise and vibration dampening c...
    Fuel Injection Technological Developments
    Recent developments in powertrain technology have focused on two domains – overall efficiency and emission control. Automotive OEMs and suppliers have dedicated considerable amounts of their research and development budget bringing to market environmentally friendly solutions with reduced fuel con...
    SupplierInsight Analysis - Issue 1, 2018
    News The key news and events shaping the automotive supply base in the last month E-Mobility How are tranmission manufacturers and the wider automotive industry preparing and positioning for impending rise in hybrid demand? Thermal Modest projected adoption by global OEMs is expected ...
    Hybrid Transmission Developments
    With the introduction of tighter legislative scrutiny on emission norms across various regions around the world, OEMs and suppliers are continuously developing solutions across the entire driveline. Advancement in hybrid transmissions is one such technological development domain where conventional i...
    EDITORIAL - Start-ups pushing innovation in automotive industry
    At the CES 2018 earlier this month, little-known Aurora Innovation announced two partnerships with Hyundai and Volkswagen Group to help them bring self-driving cars to market by 2021. The start-up, established in 2016 by Chris Urmson, the former head of Google Self-Driving Car project, in partnershi...
    Variable Compression Ratio Engines
    The increased industry requirement for fuel consumption improvement and reduction of pollutant emissions is pushing the industry to adopt new technologies for gasoline engines as they compete for longevity in the face of electrification alternatives. The recent trend for engine downsizing and forced...
    Implications of Bharat Stage (BS) VI in India for Powertrain component suppliers
    The number of automobiles on Indian roads has grown significantly and it has had a direct effect on the degradation of air quality in the country. Vehicle emissions vary depending on a number of factors, most notably average speed, distance covered, vehicle age, quality of fuel and emission reductio...
    SKYACTIV-X | the next-generation gasoline engine from Mazda
    Mazda has successfully developed the first commercial gasoline engine, SKYACTIV-X, which uses a compression ignition with a proprietary combustion technology called Spark-Controlled Compression Ignition (SPCCI). The engine combines the free-revving characteristics of a gasoline engine with the fuel ...
    IAA Frankfurt Motor Show 2017 – Powertrain Insights
    Transportation’s contribution to pollution has been and continues to be one of the greatest concerns for automotive industry leaders. A hundred years of internal combustion engine development may become obsolete in time with the evolution into electric mobility. However, in the meantime powertrain...
    VVTs: Ideal path to optimize combustion process
    Improving optimization of the gas exchange in the internal combustion engines plays a crucial role in complying with emission regulations and fuel consumption targets. This is applicable to both gasoline and diesel engines. To achieve this, the valve train plays a crucial role. A valve train syst...
    Global production of cylinder head integrated exhaust manifold for gasoline vehicles expected to grow at CAGR of 12% during 2016-2022 – IHS Markit
    In an endeavor to meet upcoming stringent emission regulations, automakers and suppliers are seeking several ways to tackle the situation. One of the focuses has been on the integration of the exhaust manifold in the engine cylinder particularly for automotive gasoline vehicles. IHS Markit forecasts...
    SupplierInsight Analysis – Issue 3, 2017
    NEWS The key news and events shaping the automotive supply base in the last month.    SOFTWARE On March 13, 2017 Intel announced its acquisition of Mobileye, perhaps the most significant M&A event to date in the autonomous driving sector with significant impact over the next d...
    Endeavour to limit diesel emissions 
    Automakers have been focusing on implementing various fuel injection strategies to bring an improvement in combustion and emissions of compression ignition engines.  Different injection strategies are implemented to reduce emissions from engines as injection characteristics have the potential t...
    Integrated starter generator: a fuel-efficient solution
    The two key factors currently driving the developments in the automaker’s product line-up are reducing fuel consumption and emissions. One of the efforts toward this is to find an alternative to internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle technology or working toward developing vehicle powertrain arc...
    Electric Axles: Gaining momentum
    The auto shows have always offered a great platform to showcase the future path of the technologies as well as automakers/suppliers’ visions of endeavoring to bring a change in future mobility. With the same vision, Bosch has showcased its new electric axle drive system (eAxle) at the North Americ...
    Global penetration of torque vectoring technology to increase to 5.35% by 2022 – IHS Markit
    IHS Markit expects the global penetration of torque vectoring technology to reach more than 932,000 units in 2022, claiming a share of 5.35%, up from 2.84% in 2015. Source: IHS Markit; The torque vectoring penetration focuses on AWD and 4WD driveline types. The global market here refers to No...
    Acid test awaits OEMs as they gear up for European real-world emission tests
    With tougher European real-world emission testing procedures expected to be implemented within the 2017-2020 timeframe, will the move prompt automakers to move away from engine downsizing and build bigger engines to meet emission targets? “Currently the new procedures for Europe (to test) both on ...
    IHS Markit expects direct injection fuel system demand in gasoline engines to touch 48 million units in 2022
    Lowering emissions has become a top priority for automakers and this is reflected in their engineering and design strategies. And, turbocharged gasoline direct injection (DI) engines is deemed to be an effective tool for automakers such as Ford, BMW, Daimler to meet stringent emission standards. To ...
    Interview with GreenFuel Energy Solutions: CNG has good prospects in India
    CNG has become “popular” in India because of their lower operating cost. Government does not provide any subsidy on the vehicle itself such as no tax break; but due to economical cost of operation, everybody is “looking” at it. “If you see the running cost, petrol is the highest, then is L...
    Electric superchargers at the forefront
    Stringent emissions and fuel economy regulations, coupled with demand for improved performance have become catalysts in bringing electric superchargers to the fore. IHS expects the global production volumes of electric superchargers to witness a whopping increase from a mere 10,026 units in 2016 to ...
    Seven trends affecting suppliers’ business
    Matteo Fini, Senior Manager, Global Component Forecasting, IHS Automotive Over the last few years, there has been a number of overarching megatrends developing in the automotive supplier sector. The way that OEMs conduct their business is changing and this has a huge impact in the way that the...
    New powertrain development and regulation
    For OEMs, trying to balance the myriad demands placed on global powertrain development has never been harder. All major global automotive markets have in place increasingly stringent legislation focused on controlling carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and exhaust gas emissions—such as particulates an...
    Are carbon fibre and aluminium on the cusp of mainstream usage in light vehicles?
    Cadillac is set to use aluminium as a key material in its upcoming CT6 sedan, with high-strength aluminium utilised for the safety cage surrounding the occupants. The structural portion of the B-pillar is made up of high-strength steel, which helps to improve visibility in addition to offering mass ...
    In-focus: Turbocharger technologies
    Over the past decade turbocharging in particular, but generally induction charging, has moved to become central to powertrain strategy globally. This has come about through a combination of market forces supported by a period of considerable product innovation. This next section looks at the state o...
    EDITORIAL – SupplierBusiness’ most read articles in 2014
    January – Future demand for manual transmissions IHS Automotive took an in depth look at the manual transmission market and where it is heading. Though the technology is at a high state of development, there are still new elements being added. Six is expected to be the ideal number of speeds ...
    Issue 10, 2014
    Could new suppliers shake up the seating systems market? Interview: Andreas Maashoff, Johnson Controls Automotive Seating Suppliers to the VW Passat and Renault Twingo cutaway Mexico’s resurgence continues       &nbs...
    “We are working to reduce the weight of our seating systems ... we are aspiring to reduce the overall seat weight by half.”
    When we last spoke some 18 months ago Johnson Controls had introduced the Synergy Seat Gen 3 which demonstrated your thinking with regard to reducing the weight and complexity of seating systems while maintaining their comfort and safety characteristics. What have been the major developments in this...
    Steering system design enters a new age
    The function of a steering system is to accurately guide the vehicle under all driving conditions. When the vehicle is steered, the driver’s intentions are communicated using an intuitive rotational motion of the steering wheel. This motion is translated by the steering system into a wheel cut ang...
    Opel Vivaro’s boost to the UK supplier industry
    In recent times, the UK automotive industry, aided by a number of initiatives by the SMMT, the Automotive Council (A body which ensures close co-operation between the UK government and the automotive industry) and the new Automotive Investment Organisation (A unit of UK government industry departmen...
    The changing landscape of the automotive interiors industry
    This year, two leading North American suppliers, Johnson Controls (JCI) and Visteon, took steps to exit their vehicle interiors business. JCI entered into an agreement with China-based Yanfeng Automotive Trims Systems to merge most of assets of their interior business via a joint-venture, in which Y...
    ECM 15th European Automotive Congress 2014: Barcelona
    At this year’s ECM Congress in Barcelona, there were a number of key presentations from OEMs and tier one suppliers that tackled how the industry is set to develop over the next few years. Dr. Oliver Maiwald, Senior Vice President Powertrain Technology and Innovation, Continental AG, gave a pr...
    Issue 5, 2014
      Click the link above to download this month's issue  
    How Jaguar Land Rover lightweights material
    Dr White began with a reference to the D7u architecture which now provides the foundation for the Range Rover, the Range Rover Sport and now the long-wheel-base Range Rover and other models yet to be released. It is clear that successful execution of JLR’s product strategy will be dependent on ens...
    What is pushing automotive lightweighting forward?
    The drivers for development at a technology level, at a vehicle level and at an industry level are not only a complex mix, but for various reasons they can be conflicting. Taking three broad groups – consumers, legislators and OEMs – illustrates the various motivations. Reducing vehicle weig...
    The key drivers in exhaust development
    The tightening regulatory environment has led to considerably increased revenues per vehicle and this is set to improve globally as emerging high growth markets catch up with Europe and Northern America in terms of the level of equipment needed to meet regulations. Automotive emissions system te...
    Race in global powertrain market heats up as suppliers look to maintain a technical advantage
    The company will launch these new applications in gasoline, diesel, natural gas, and hybrid powertrains for both light passenger and commercial vehicles. The announcement shows how the race in the global turbochargers market is heating up. The company expects turbochargers’ penetration in vehi...
    Improving the internal combustion engine
    ROUEN, France – Renault is developing a plug-in hybrid and PSA Peugeot-Citroen its Hybrid Air system, but both companies count on improvements to internal combustion engines – particularly those running on petrol  -- to meet future CO2 emission challenges profitably. Studies by PSA Peug...
    Automotive electronics suppliers face a unique set of challenges
    The automotive industry places unusual demands on electronic systems, when compared to the demands of other sectors: Despite the rapidly increasing value content of electronic components in vehicles, they must remain affordable to the consumer. To achieve this, the industry requires relative...
    What future does the manual transmission have?
    Worldwide Today, manual transmissions (MTs) are fitted in about half of all light-duty, on-highway vehicles built globally. Moreover, IHS Automotive forecasts that this share will not diminish significantly, over the next seven years. Admittedly, the manual transmission is quite well developed, ...
    Suppliers at the Tokyo Motor Show
    AISIN AW CO., LTD. Aisin AW, Japan’s leading automatic transmission manufacturer, displayed its latest two-motor hybrid system. The rear-drive unit was was developed for the 2.5L Toyota Crown Hybrid which went on sale in Japan in December 2012.  Designated ‘AWRHT25’, the system subseq...
    Plastic Omnium introduces blend of materials into lightweighting efforts
    William Diem FRANKFURT — Plastic parts rimmed in steel that can be applied to the body in white with spot welds in the body shop have moved from Plastic Omnium’s technical centre into series production. The wheel wells in the boots of the Peugeot 308 and 308 SW, as well as the 5- and 7-s...
    Fuel Cells: The next stage of alternative powertrains?drivers of hydrogen fuel cell powertrains
    EU and G8 leaders declared in 2009 that CO2 emissions must be cut by at least 80% (from 1990 levels) by 2050 in order for atmospheric CO2 to stabilise at 450 parts per million (ppm) and keep global warming below 2°C. This level of decarbonisation could require up to 95% decarbonisation of the road ...
    Recovering energy from the exhaust
    William Diem New and established suppliers are working hard to recover energy from heat in the exhaust stream. Turning wasted heat into energy can cut fuel consumption by up to 10% in some situations, said engineers working on systems at an international conference in France sponsored by the SIA...
    Valeo generates interest in its superchargers
    William Diem Valeo SA has 15 clients interested in its electric supercharger as a way to improve acceleration at low engine speeds, and by the end of the decade Valeo expects to be selling about two million a year. The technology was conceived at Ford Motor Co. more than a decade ago and passed ...
    Johnson Controls looks at gestures
    by William Diem In another decade, drivers might just have to point to a spot on the instrument panel to turn off the radio, or swipe to the right to send an image of the destination map to the passenger, who could examine it to choose a restaurant. And for carmakers, this project from Johns...
    Front-end modules ready to roll
    Today’s front-end module (FEM) includes a structural frame on which can be installed headlamps, auxiliary lights, engine-cooling and energy-absorption systems, air guides, electronic devices and hood latches, as well as various reservoirs and other components. Some integrate the bumper, while othe...
    Driver Assistance Systems
    Driver Assistance Systems are a segment of the safety systems market, generally defined as technologies or groups of technologies that inform or warn the driver of hazards. However, they can also be taken to include a set of systems that integrate active safety systems with driver convenience system...
    Hybrid growth challenges North American supply base
    Ford, General Motors, DaimlerChrysler and BMW are busy scouting for US based companies that can supply much-needed hybrid powertrain components, enabling the automakers to compete with Toyota and Honda in America’s hybrid sweepstakes.Sales of gasoline-electric vehicles are spiking in the United St...
    Questions & Answers
    Dr Karl-Thomas NeumannMember of Executive Board responsible for Automotive Systems, Continental AG You gave a number in your annual report for the effect of steel price rises on your earnings last year, 16m down, is it likely to be more this year, have you got an idea?Actually I can't say any figur...
    Questions & Answers
    Continental has about 30% of its business in North America, the business, particularly in the electronics and the brake and chassis areas, has been growing substantially. SupplierBusiness interviewed William L Kozyra - President & CEO Continental Automotive Systems in August 2005 at Travers...
    Wiring systems – more functions, over fewer metres, at less cost
    A partly preformed engine compartment wiring harness Demand for comfort, convenience and safety features continues to rise, placing ever more strain on the power and data networks in modern cars. At the same time, fewer platforms and more niche variants dictate the need for simplified and modular s...
    Seating – adding value in an increasingly competitive world
    Seating is highly outsourced – 100% in North America and 86% in Europe. In Japan seats are supplied mainly by keiretsu suppliers. Outsourcing has increased recently as there has been a shift in overall responsibility from the OEM to the supplier with regard to market research, design, engineering,...
    Supplying DaimlerChrysler – focus on cost reduction
    Supplier relations at DaimlerChrysler have deteriorated and European suppliers fear there is worse to come. While respondents to the SupplierBusiness.com supplier satisfaction survey have rated all the European-based suppliers surveyed so far (VW, Renault-Nissan, PSA, BMW) as broadly increasingly at...
    Covisint reverses out of auctions
    Only data messaging stands between Covisint and irrelevanceCOVISINT'S EXIT from the reverse auctions business signals a further retreat into portal services and data messaging for the once influential online services provider. These days Covisint has a different business model in mind and the auctio...
    J. D. Power research uncovers North American consumer preferences
    Factory fitted equipment tends to have fewer problems than dealer-fitted systems, according to analysis by J. D. Power.  Analysts found that for sound systems, remote keyless entry systems and security systems new-vehicle owners reported the fewest number of problems with systems installed by t...
    Toyota changes approach to modules and systems
    TOYOTA is finally feeling the pressure to turn to modules and systems developed and assembled by its suppliers. Toyota has been reluctant to turn over much responsibility to suppliers but supplier executives say Toyota's approach is slowly changing. Over the last two years Toyota has begun restructu...
    TRW Automotive – private company, public disclosure
    TRW AUTOMOTIVE is an enigma. Since its acquisition by the Blackstone group in February 2003, the company has become a privately held company, with no publicly traded common stock and no listing on any national exchange. For most companies this often translates into a dearth of operating information ...
    Bosch business model
    Despite the industry slowdown and cost cutting in production investment, Bosch raised its spend on research and development in the automotive division from €1.9bn in 2001 to €2.1bn in 2002. Senior management says that the research and development spending, which has been around 7% of sales, may ...
    Bosch’s new business area
    Bosch is looking to grow a third major new business for the automotive division by the end of the decade – the "sensitive car".The business builds on several areas where Bosch is strong – integrating adaptive cruise control with park assist sensors with engine management systems and chassis cont...
    Diesel market prospects
    Bosch expects sales of diesel equipped cars to grow from 14m  in 2003 to 17m  in 2007 and 20m in 2012. Western Europe is expected to continue to see steady growth from the 40.3% share of registrations in 2002 towards 50% in the next few years. Eastern Europe is also expected to show steady...
    Fehrenbach’s challenge
    Franz FehrenbachBosch CEO"Fehrenbach has a reputation among colleagues as an unpretentious, accessible executive with his feet on the ground" Robert Bosch has been one of the most successful first tier European automotive suppliers in the last decade, solidifying a leading position in ABS into a gl...
    New brake systems introduction stalls
    Wolfgang Chur - Bosch head of automotive sales Chassis systems is Bosch’s second largest division with sales of just under €5bn in 2002. Bosch built its chassis systems business on the success of its electronically controlled Anti-Lock Braking (ABS) systems, launched in the 1970s. The company h...
    Particulate filters spur revolution in diesel exhaust sector
    The fitment of diesel particulate filters (DPFs) is creating a revolution in diesel exhaust systems that is not dissimilar to the revolution in petrol exhaust systems that came with the fitment of catalytic converters. With European diesel share over 40% and rising, and an uptake of diesels forecast...
    Volkswagen raises technology stakes
    Volkswagen is raising the technology stakes for the new vehicles off its PQ35 platform, in particular Audi’s 2003 A3, the VW Touran (both on sale now) and most significantly Golf V, which will debut at the Frankfurt IAA in September. Aisin, BorgWarner and ZF Lenksysteme (ZFLS) are the suppliers mo...
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